Learning strategies are a way of learning content or performing a task efficiently. Learning refers to the process of acquiring new knowledge, while strategy refers to the way to get new knowledge. Both complete each other. Students should keep at the center of the learning process. A school is a place where many subjects are taught to students. It becomes almost painful for students to recall all the subject contents. For this learning, strategies come into play to improve the way students learn. Learning strategies are vital for the accomplishment of educational goals.
Importance of learning strategies
The importance of learning strategies involve:
- Strategies make learning easier
- Learning strategies organizes the content or task to perform
- Use of learning strategies increases student’s productivity
- Active learning strategies help to engage students in the classroom
Various learning strategies for students
1. Muddiest point technique
It involves students to write notes on the most unclear topic or assignment. Asking students to write the topics they didn’t understand is the most powerful tool. This exercise will allow students to grade their knowledge. If the majority of students are facing difficulty on the same topic, then the teacher will schedule a class for that topic and clear the student’s doubt.
2. Reciprocal questioning
In this method, the student takes the role of the teacher. Ask students to create their questions regarding the given topic and ask with their peers. Reciprocal questioning allows students to think about the questions and clear doubts as well. This type of learning strategy is helpful in:
· Preparation of test or examination
· Introducing new topic in class
3. Pause procedure
Encourage pause between your lectures to enhance understanding of students teaching materials. During these breaks, encourage students to discuss notes, clarify points, and raise questions. This will make doubts of students clear and improve their learning. According to a study, the pause procedure is a good learning strategy that helps students review their studies.
This method allows students to quiz with each other, sharing thoughts, and taking notes. It involves dividing students into groups and assign the role of interviewer, interviewee, and note maker. And rotating roles after each interview. The importance of this method are:
· Help students in applying the various questioning method
· Increases the listening capacity of students
· Engaging students to work in cooperation
5. Audio-visual aids
Audio-visual aids allow students to grasp the information in a better way. Seeing the phenomena visually instead of theoretically helps students to recall the information quickly. It helps in capturing student’s attention. It leads to saving energy and time of teachers and providing a clear image to students.
6. Advocate approach
An advocate approach is a learning strategy involving students to take part in a discussion. Students are divided into groups and asked to debate on a topic. One group is for the topic, while another group is against it. It will allow students to know both sides of the topic and viewpoints. It will make students more engaging and think more critically.
7. Peer teaching
This type of method is the most effective to increase students learning capacity. Some of its advantages are:
- Peer tutoring
This process means where one student is teaching the other student. This is helpful as it reduces the teacher’s load and involves peer interaction.
8. Game-based learning sites
As the name suggests, game-based learning sites include learning through gaming sites. Games are an attraction for students, and involving education with games make learning effective. There are lots of websites where students are taught concepts, along with playing games.
Note-taking is an effective way to learn and recall. Students write information in their own understandable words. It is one of the strategies which makes student teaching effectively.
10. Rotating chair
This method includes an alternative turn for students to speak. This means that the students, according to their turn, should speak one point about the topic, and similarly, the next student would tell some other aspect of the topic taught. This will help students in summarizing and revising the content.
Learning strategies focus on what learner does, behave, and how they learn. Therefore, learning strategies must be chosen wisely and used for the best means. I
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